Hospital Laboratories

Bulletin N.130 - December 2023

Study of drugs of abuse in urine in the emergency laboratory. Protocol for suspected chemical submission
In Catlab hospital emergency laboratories, drugs of abuse are analyzed in urine using a rapid lateral flow immunochromatographic screening test.
It should be noted that this test provides a qualitative preliminary analytical result and has limitations that are important to be aware of. This article summarizes the main factors that can interact with this test to produce false-positive and false-negative results as well as the cut-off points and detection window for each substance.

Bulletin Nº118. February 2022

URGENT CARE- Use of NTproBNP on heart failure assessment
Natriuretic peptides are one of the most useful biomarkers on addressing heart failure. It is useful both for ruling out pathology due to its high negative predictive value and as a supportive diagnostic marker already included in clinical practice guidelines since 2016.
At Catlab NT-proBNP is determined, using electroquimioluminescence. Since 2008 it has been available in emergency laboratories and by the end of 2020 it is also performed at Viladecavalls central laboratory, in order to adress primary care samples,thus reaching over 17,000 total determinations in 2021.

Bulletin Nº91 - May 2018

URGENT CARE - Preeclampsia Markers
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, which causes an important maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality, which affects 2-8% of pregnancies. In recent years, numerous studies have attempted to determine markers of Predicting the risk of preeclampsia, identifying the women with greater risk, and creating strategies to reduce its prevalence. In Catlab we have started using the sFlt-1 / PlGF ratio as a marker of preeclampsia.

Bulletin Nº84 - October 2017

URGENT CARE - Blood gases.
The measurement of the magnitudes related to the pH and the partial pressures of gases in blood (pO₂, pCO₂), are a essential instrument in the assessment of the critical patient in the Emergency Laboratories. The results reported have a great impact on patient care, since they can provoke immediate therapeutic actions. Therefore, the reliability of the report of a gasometry is fundamental, and it is necessary to control all possible sources of error, since the medical staff requests the test, the nurses performs the sampling and laboratory personnel process it .

Bulletin Nº73 - September 2016

URGENT CARE - Hemolysis index calculation. Applications in Catlab
One of the clinical laboratory objectives is to inform biological values with high accuracy. Therefore, it must be guaranteed that samples are biological free from interference, such as hemolysis. In Catlab, rates of hemolysis informed by the manufacturer have been incorporated into computer systems laboratory, so that before an analytical result is validated, it will check whether the degree of hemolysis of the sample exceeds the threshold beyond which the result may be affected.

Bulletin Nº58 - April 2015

URGENT CARE - Management of critical values in the Emergency Laboratories
Standard UNE-EN ISO 15189:2007 indicates clearly that the laboratory must have procedures to notify a doctor or responsible for the medical care of the patient immediately when the results of the corresponding analysis are at critical intervals.

Bulletin Nº53 - October

URGENT CARE - Natriuretic Peptides
Natriuretic peptides were discovered over 25 years ago. Now there are 2 of them; BNP and NT-proBNP that have begun to include in Emergency Laboratories requests; and which have meaning useful to rule out heart failure in patients with acute dyspnea and no conclusive diagnosis.

Bulletin Nº43 - October 2013

URGENT CARE - Monitoring of drug concentration in serum
The monitoring of drug therapy is an important chapter of clinical biochemistry. Only through proper monitoring can be maintained and adjusted the administration of a drug with maximum efficiency.

Bulletin Nº33 - November 2012

URGENT CARE - Procalcitonin
In severe bacterial infections this protein is found in high concentrations.

Bulletin Nº 29-- June 2012

URGENT CARE—Preanalytic conditions for measuring ionic calcium.
Sample conditions are critical for the measurement of ionic calcium, if the results are to accurately reflect the real status of the patient.

Bulletin Nº20 - September 2011

URGENT CARE–Ultrasensitive Troponine T 
The TnT of the cardiac musculature is clearly different from the TnT of the skeletal musculature, and its high tissue specificity makes it a very sensitive cardiospecific marker for myocardial damage.